Classification of coffee varieties
Botanically, coffee belongs to the Rubiacea family of the species Coffea, which in turn happens to be Arabica, Robusta (Canefora), Coffea Liberica, Coffea Excelsa. For industrial production, only Arabica and Robusta matter.
According to technological characteristics, coffee is subdivided into insoluble (roasted and roasted ground) and soluble (powdered, granular (agglomerated) and sublimated (freeze-dry)).
According to the method of cleaning coffee beans from husks, dry, washed and half-washed coffee are distinguished.
By quality indicators, green coffee is divided into:
- Exemplary quality
- Highest quality
- Core quality
- Low quality
According to the degree of roasting, coffee is classified as: heavily roasted, medium roasted, slightly roasted. At the same time, the following frying stages are technologically distinguished: green stage, yellow stage, cardamom stage, brown stage, dark brown stage, black stage.
By the degree of grinding, coffee is classified as: coarse grinding, medium grinding, medium fine grinding, fine grinding, extra fine grinding.
Coffee production technology
All types of coffee are made from green coffee beans, through its various technological processing.
Roasted coffee: cleaning, sorting, blending, roasting;
Roasted and ground coffee: roasted coffee, grinding;
Liquid coffee extract: roasted and ground coffee, extraction, filtration, concentration
Powder coffee: liquid coffee extract, spray drying
Agglomerated coffee: powder coffee, agglomeration
Freeze-dried coffee: liquid coffee extract, freeze-drying
List of major countries producing coffee:
Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Colombia, Congo / Zaire, Costa Rica, Cote D'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexico, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe , Equatorial Guinea, Laos, Liberia, Sera Leone, Sri Lanka, East Timor, Trinidad and Tobago, Im n
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